Florence | Tuscany Italy Europe
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- Florence, capital of Italy’s Tuscany region, is home to many masterpieces of Renaissance art and architecture.
One of its most iconic sights is the Duomo, a cathedral with a terracotta-tiled dome engineered by Brunelleschi and a bell tower by Giotto.
The Galleria dell'Accademia displays Michelangelo’s “David” sculpture.
The Uffizi Gallery exhibits Botticelli’s “The Birth of Venus” and da Vinci’s “Annunciation.”
- The Uffizi Gallery is a prominent art museum located adjacent to the Piazza della Signoria in the Historic Centre of Florence.
One of the most important Italian museums, and the most visited, it is also one of the largest and best known in the world,
and holds a collection of priceless works, particularly from the period of the Italian Renaissance.
- The Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore (in English "Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower") is the main church of Florence, Italy.
Il Duomo di Firenze, as it is ordinarily called, was begun in 1296 in the Gothic style with the design of Arnolfo di Cambio
and completed structurally in 1436 with the dome engineered by Filippo Brunelleschi.
The exterior of the basilica is faced with polychrome marble panels in various shades of green and pink bordered by white
and has an elaborate 19th-century Gothic Revival façade by Emilio De Fabris.
The cathedral complex, located in Piazza del Duomo, includes the Baptistery and Giotto's Campanile.
These three buildings are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site covering the historic centre of Florence
and are a major attraction to tourists visiting Tuscany.
The basilica is one of Italy's largest churches, and until development of new structural materials in the modern era,
the dome was the largest in the world. It remains the largest brick dome ever constructed.
- The Ponte Vecchio ("Old Bridge"),
is a medieval stone closed-spandrel segmental arch bridge over the Arno River,
in Florence, Italy, noted for still having shops built along it, as was once common.
Butchers initially occupied the shops; the present tenants are jewelers, art dealers and souvenir sellers.
The Ponte Vecchio's two neighbouring bridges are the Ponte Santa Trinita and the Ponte alle Grazie.
The Palazzo Vecchio ("Old Palace") is the town hall of Florence.
It overlooks the Piazza della Signoria with its copy of Michelangelo's David statue as well as the gallery of statues in the adjacent Loggia dei Lanzi.
Originally called the Palazzo della Signoria, after the Signoria of Florence, the ruling body of the Republic of Florence,
it was also given several other names: Palazzo del Popolo, Palazzo dei Priori, and Palazzo Ducale,
in accordance with the varying use of the palace during its long history.
The building acquired its current name when the Medici duke's residence was moved across the Arno to the Palazzo Pitti.
Piazza della Repubblica ("Republic Square") is a city square in Florence.
It is on the site, first of the city's forum and then of the city's old ghetto, which was swept away during the city improvement works or Risanamento
initiated during the brief period when Florence was the capital of a reunited Italy, work that also created the city's avenues and boulevards.
The ghetto has disappeared from the square, and the Loggia del Pesce from the Mercato Vecchio was moved to Piazza Ciompi.
Among the square's cafes, the Giubbe Rosse cafe has long been a meeting place for famous artists and writers, notably those of Futurism.
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